(Naut.) (a) That side of a vessel which is toward the wind; the windward side. (b) A piece of plank placed in a porthole, or other opening, to keep out water. [1913 Webster]
(a) (Arch.) A board extending from the ridge to the eaves along the slope of the gable, and forming a close junction between the shingling of a roof and the side of the building beneath. (b) A clapboard or feather-edged board used in weatherboarding. [1913 Webster]
Weather-board \Weath"er-board`\, v. t. (Arch.) To nail boards upon so as to lap one over another, in order to exclude rain, snow, etc. --Gwilt. [1913 Webster]
1 a long thin board with one edge thicker than the other; used as siding by lapping one board over the board below [syn: clapboard, weatherboarding]
Moby Thesaurusbeam, billet, board, boarding, brick, clapboard, cord, cordwood, deal, driftwood, face, firewood, glass, glaze, hardwood, lath, lathing, lathwork, log, lumber, panelboard, paneling, panelwork, paper, plank, planking, plyboard, plywood, pole, post, puncheon, revet, shake, sheathe, sheathing, sheathing board, sheeting, shingle, sideboard, siding, slab, slat, slate, softwood, splat, stave, stick, stick of wood, stone, stovewood, thatch, three-by-four, tile, timber, timbering, timberwork, two-by-four, veneer, wall in, wall up, wallpaper, weather, weather deck, weather helm, weather sheet, weather side, weather tack, weather wheel, windward, windward ebb, windward flood, wood
Weatherboarding is the cladding or ‘siding’ of a house consisting of long thin boards that overlap one another horizontally on the outside of the wall. They are usually of rectangular section with parallel sides which have a tongued and grooved joint arranged to shed water. Less commonly they can be similar to North American riven clapboards of triangular or "feather-edged" section where the upper edge is the thinner one.
It is requisite, however, that the lower part of a wall covered with weatherboard remain free of the cladding to avoid dampness caused by air not circulating the substructure near ground level. Especially watermills were made of brick up to the first floor, and in windmills upper storeys were often timber-framed and only the caps were weatherboarded.
In modern practice, weatherboards may consist of uPVC boards (Known as Vinyl siding in the U,S,), or other man-made materials
Weatherboards were often nailed on to existing timber framing but modern claddings are more often attached to load-bearing frames separate from the brick structure underneath.
Weatherboarding used to most often be tarred or painted black, sometimes white. In modern weatherboarding these colours remain common, but timber is commonly finished with a protective wood stain or varnish. and uPVC is produced in a range of colours.
Weatherboard houses may be found in most parts of the British Isles, and the style may be part of all types of traditional building, from cottages to windmills, shops to workshops, as well as many others. It seems, however, it is in caps of windmills that weatherboarding predominates.
In New Zealand, weatherboard housing dominates buildings before 1960. Weatherboard, with a corrugated iron roof was found to be a cost effective building style. After the big earthquakes of 1855 and 1931 wooden buildings were perceived as being less vulnerable to damage.